The BSSA. • Who we are! • What we do! • Stainless Steel. • Types and Structure. • Properties: mechanical, physical, corrosion resistance. marks the th anniversary of stainless steels. To mark this event, Alan Harrison of the British Stainless Steel Association (BSSA) has revised his popular . The BSSA Guide to Understanding Stainless Steel is now available to buy. Designed to give a basic knowledge of stainless steel to people.

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New Centenary Edition of BSSA Understanding Stainless Steel publication – Team Stainless

Common Traps to Avoid Surface damage, defects and contamination arising during fabrication are all potentially harmful to the oxide film that protects stainless steel in service. Undercut, spatter, slag and stray arc strikes must be minimised as they are potential sites of crevice corrosion. How Does Rust Spread? Common causes of surface damage and defects during fabrication include: Copyright Leaf Group Ltd.

So a ‘Get it right the first time’ approach to stainless fabrication is necessary to gain the best result.

These processes remove, in a controlled manner, from the affected areas, the dark oxide film and a thin layer of metal under it, leaving stailness clean, defect-free surface.

These oxides lower the corrosion resistance of the steel and during their formation the stainless steel is depleted of chromium. Depending on which text editor you’re pasting into, you might have to add the italics to the site name.

Sulfuric acid is commonly referred to as battery acid. The oxidation and the portion of the underlying metal surface with reduced chromium should all be removed by mechanical, chemical or electrochemical means to achieve the best corrosion resistance. A general introduction to stainless steel for architects, including grades, standards, properties of stainless steel, EN specifications, surface finishes, environmental benefits and where to obtain further advice.

Stainless steel is a robust and relatively forgiving material, but adherence to informed, good practice will ensure satisfaction for customers and suppliers alike. Designed to help architects get the best out of stainless steel in the design of building exteriors.


Clean abrasive disks and clean flapper wheels are commonly used to remove heat tint and other minor surface imperfections. Pheori Wiley is a freelance writer who has written articles for Helium and Associated Content, among others. This understamding stainless steel. Photographs courtesy of Peritech and Outokumpu. Common contaminants likely to attack stainless steel include carbon steel and common salt. Most types of stainless steel can resist low or high concentrations, but it will attack the metal at intermediate temperatures.

The most frequently encountered stwinless problem is embedded iron and loose iron particles, which rapidly rust and initiate corrosion. Stainless Steel in Swimming Pools.

Stainless Fabrication: Common Traps to Avoid

Scratches and gouges form crevices on the steels surface, allowing entrapment of process reactants or contaminants, providing ideal locations for corrosion. What Is the Conductivity of Copper? A primary goal of the stainless steel industry is to have finished products put into service understanidng a ‘passive’ condition free of corrosive reactions.

Stress corrosion, or chloride stress corrosion, occurs when cracks occur while the metal is under tensile stress. Methods of Plating Steel Steel. Also, careful storage and handling including protective underdtanding films are required prior to and during installation to minimise risk of damage to the stainless steel structure. There are eight types of corrosion in metals as outlined by eStainlessSteel.

What is Stainless Steel? It can resist an acid at a concentration of 5 percent at room temperature. Designing Building Exteriors in Stainless Steel. Errors in stainless steel fabrication can be expensive and difficult to resolve.

Crevice corrosion is commonly found in crevices where oxygen is restricted and in low pH environments like sea water. A uniform attack, or general corrosion, occurs with stefl overall breakdown of the protective film on the surface of the metal. If left to harden, adhesives form sites for crevice corrosion and are difficult to remove.

The Accreditation Scheme criteria requires all fabricators to conform to stainlsss standards of competence, training and education, personal and professional conduct, adhering to a Code of Ethics and a Code of Practice, and committing themselves to continuing competency development. Galling and its Control FAQ 6: Understandinb are different grades of stainless steel and each resists sulfuric acid corrosion differently as BSSA explains.


Based in Sheffield, the Association provides marketing support, technical advice, information, training and education in all aspects of stainless steel.

Publication: BSSA Understanding Stainless Steel – Centenary Edition

Surface Contaminants Common contaminants likely to attack stainless steel include carbon steel and common salt. With just a few exceptions — gold, palladium and platinum — all metals corrode. Understanding stainless steel is important to its successful application. The Scheme gives owners and specifiers of stainless steel greater certainty that fabrications using stainless steel will be performed by technically competent industry specialists. Duplex Steel is more resistant as the heat rises.

Passivation involves treating stainless steel surfaces with, usually, dilute nitric acid solutions or pastes. It is also important to remove any zinc that might be present.

Distortion can be minimised through using lowest amperage consistent with good weld quality, controlling interpass temperatures and using controlled tack welding, clamping jigs with copper or aluminium backing bars as heat sinks on the welds.

Passivation Passivation involves treating stainless steel surfaces with, usually, dilute nitric acid solutions or pastes. The high temperature characteristics of welding can introduce surface and other defects which must be addressed. Increasing heat weakens the layer and the chromium needs to react with oxygen to create the protective layer. All should be avoided.

Also effective is blasting with stainless steel shot, cut wire or new, iron-free sand garnet is a common choice. She has been writing professionally since and has used her knowledge of programming, Web development and auto repair to share in her writing what she learns from her day-to-day adventures.

The protective film reforms after exposure to air.

Erosion is caused by an abrasive fluid flowing past a metal at high velocity, removing its protective layer. Dust and grime arising during fabrication may contain these contaminants and should be prevented from settling on stainless steels.

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