File:Animation Controle Non Destructif Courants Français: Schéma d’un contrôle non destructif par courants de Foucault. Download scientific diagram| Principe du CND par courants de Foucault from publication: Design of eddy current microsensor arrays and signals inversion for . Job postings: Spécialiste CND – Ingénieur d’application Ultrason et Courants de Foucault (6 mois) at Olympus NDT Canada, Québec, Québec.

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This in turn affects the movement of electrons in the coil by varying the electrical impedance of the coil. Variations in the plot correspond to variations in the test piece. For example, the display below shows a setup for inspection for surface cracks in aluminum. While conductivity and permeability are properties of the test material that are outside of the operator’s control, the test frequency, coil type, and coil size can be chosen based on test requirements.

After this calibration is done, the inspector would measure on their parts and watch for the distance that the signal travels across the screen.

Tubing inspection – Both in-line inspection of tubing at the manufacturing stage and field inspection of tubing like heat exchangers are common eddy current applications. The inspection measurements are dependent entirely on the comparison of the signal against the reference calibration. The phenomenon of eddy currents was discovered by French physicist Leon Foucault inand for this fnd eddy currents are sometimes called Foucault currents.

Contrôle par courants de Foucault | Olympus IMS

Low goucault probes can be used to locate corrosion on second and third layers of metal that cannot be inspected ultrasonically. That eddy current flowing through the metal will in turn generate its own magnetic field, which will interact with the coil and its field through mutual inductance.

Both field portable and fixed system instruments are available to meet a wide variety of test needs. This data is referenced to an encoded position and time and represented graphically as a C-scan image showing structures in a planar view.

This includes inspection of the area around fasteners in aircraft and other critical applications. Both cracking and thickness variations can be detected. In ffoucault cases, eddy current and ultrasonic testing are used together as complementary techniques, with eddy current having an advantage for quick surface testing and ultrasonics having better depth penetration.


Variations in permeability of a material generate noise that can limit flaw resolution because of greater background variations. At the same time, eddy current testing is limited to materials that conduct electricity and thus cannot be used on plastics.

Some of the most common are listed below.

Conductivity Testing – Eddy current testing’s ability to measure conductivity can be used to identify couarnts sort ferrous and nonferrous alloys, and to verify heat treatment. Eddy currents traveling in materials with higher conductivity values will be more sensitive to surface defects but will have less penetration into the material, with penetration also being dependent on test frequency.

In addition to providing visualization through C-scan imaging, ECA allows coverage of larger areas ncd a single pass while maintaining high resolution. The top curve represents a 0.

Optimisation particulaire par métamodèle appliquée au CND par courants de Foucault

However, it was not until the Second World War that these developments in the transmitting and receiving of electromagnetic waves were put to practical use for materials testing. If the probe and its magnetic field are brought close to a conductive material like a metal test piece, a circular flow of electrons known as an eddy current will begin to move through the metal like swirling water in a stream.

Some common probe types are listed below. There have been many recent developments in eddy current testing, leading to improved performance and the development of new applications. Weld Inspection – Many weld inspections employ ultrasonic NDT for subsurface testing and a complimentary eddy current method to scan the surface for open surface cracks on weld caps and in heat affected zones. Corrosion Detection – Eddy current instruments can be used to detect and quantify corrosion on the inside of thin metal such as aluminum aircraft skin.

Foucault built a device that used a copper disk moving in a strong magnetic field to show foucqult eddy currents magnetic fields are generated when a material moves within an applied magnetic field. Eddy current testing is widely used in the aerospace industry and in other manufacturing and service environments that require inspection of thin metal for potential safety-related or quality-related problems.


These probes can be rotated by hand or automatically using a rotary scanner. In an eddy current probe, an alternating current flows through a wire coil and generates an oscillating magnetic field.

The horizontal line is the lift off in which the probe has been “nulled” balanced on the aluminum part and when it is lifted in the air, the signal moves directly to the left. Surface Inspection – Surface cracks in machined parts and metal stock can be readily identified with eddy current. This display would be considered the calibration of the instrument.

The operator observes the response from the reference standards and then compares the indications from ds pieces to these reference patterns to categorize parts. Foucaulf advances were made throughout the s and s, especially in the aircraft and nuclear industries.

Histoire du contrôle par courants de Foucault | Olympus IMS

In a given test, resolution will be determined by the probe type while detection capability will be controlled by material and equipment characteristics. The second line down is a 0. Surface probes – Used for identifying flaws on and below metal surfaces, usually large diameter to accommodate lower frequencies for deeper penetration, or for scanning larger areas.

Foucaklt common test involves measurement of nonconductive coatings like paint over metals. ECA can permit use of simpler fixturing, and can also simplify inspection of complex shapes through custom probes built to fit the profile of the test piece. Menu More Pour nous joindre. Types of probes Eddy current instruments can perform a wide variety of tests depending on the type of probe being used, and careful probe selection will help optimize performance.

Inanother breakthrough was made when another English scientist, David Hughes, demonstrated how the properties of a coil change when placed in contact with metals of different conductivity and permeability. Eddy current testing is now a widely used and well-understood inspection technique for flaw detection as well as for thickness and foucautl measurements.

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