Keragaman Genetik Gandum (Triticum aestivum L) Hasil Persilangan Konvergen . Amin Nur, Karlina Syahruddin, Marcia B. Pabendon. Induksi Kalus dan Regenerasi Beberapa Genotipe Gandum (Triticum aestivum L. ) secara In Vitro. INDUKSI MUTASI DAN SELEKSI IN VITRO TANAMAN GANDUM (Triticum aestivum L.).

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Article Tools Print this article. Coors JG, Pandey S, eds. The popularity of foods made from wheat flour creates a large demand for the grain, even in economies with significant food surpluses. Analisis genetik dan seleksi generasi awal segregan gandum Triticum aestivum L, berdaya hasil tinggi. There are substantial differences in wheat farming, trading, policy, sector growth, and wheat uses in different regions of the world.

Wheat diseases list Wheat mildew Hessian fly. United States Department of Agriculture: BMC Plant Biology In the rapidly developing countries of Asia and Africa, westernization of diets associated with increasing prosperity is leading to growth in per capita demand for wheat at the expense of the other food staples. Sequence polymorphism discovery in wheat microsatellite flanking regions using pyrophosphate sequencing Molecular Breeding.

The result is that when threshed, the wheat ear breaks up into spikelets. Several factors are currently slowing the rate of global expansion of wheat production: The contribution of wheat to human diet and health”. Raw wheat can be ground into flour or, using hard durum wheat only, can be ground into semolina ; germinated and dried creating malt ; crushed or cut into cracked wheat; parboiled or steameddried, crushed and de-branned into bulgur also known as groats.

Wheat – Wikipedia

There are many wheat diseases, mainly caused by fungibacteriaand viruses. These animals can cause significant damage to a crop by digging up and eating newly planted seeds or young plants. Wheat is a major ingredient in such foods as breadporridgecrackersbiscuitsMueslipancakespasta and noodlespiespastriespizzapolenta and semolinacakescookiesmuffinsrollsdoughnutsgravybeervodkaboza a fermented beverageand breakfast cereals.


The major breeding objectives include high grain yield, good quality, disease and insect resistance and tolerance to abiotic stresses, including mineral, moisture and heat tolerance.

Knowledge of stages is also important to identify periods of higher risk from the climate. The higher the temperature was, the lower was the adaptation tolerant of the plants, and callus growth was inhibited. Wheat is the most important source of carbohydrate in a majority of countries.

Handbook and Directory of Commercial Laboratories. Hsissou D, Bouharmont J In vitro selection and characterization of drought-tolerant plants of durum wheat Triticum durum Desf. Significant values are highlighted in light Gray color and bold letters. PIC value and the average number of alleles were 0. Identification of research to improve the efficiency of breeding strategies for white clover in Australia: Journal of Vandum and Food Chemistry.


Views Read Edit View history. The similarity coefficient at 0. In a small part of the general population, gluten — the major part of wheat protein — can trigger coeliac diseasenoncoeliac gluten sensitivitygluten ataxiaand dermatitis herpetiformis. In manufacturing wheat products, gluten is valuable to impart viscoelastic functional qualities in dough[54] enabling the preparation of diverse processed foods such as breads, noodles, and pasta that facilitate wheat consumption.

In the past, there has been significant governmental intervention in wheat markets, such as price supports in the US and farm payments in the EU. Plant Tissue Cult With the exception of Iraq ed-Dubb, the earliest carbon dated remains of domesticated emmer wheat were found in the earliest levels of Tell Aswadin the Damascus basin, near Mount Hermon in Syria.


Sakin MA The use of induced micro mutation for quantitative characters after EMS and gamma ray treatments in durum wheat breeding.

Wheat is widely cultivated as a cash crop because it produces a good yield per unit area, grows well in a temperate climate even with a moderately short growing seasonand yields a versatile, high-quality flour that is widely used in baking. This sequence data provides direct access to about 96, genes, relying on orthologous gene sets from other cereals. Dwarfing genes enable the carbon that is fixed in the plant during photosynthesis to be diverted towards seed production, and they also help prevent the problem of lodging.

References Asadi Pemuliaan mutase untuk perbaikan terhadap umur dan produktivitas pada kedelai. In cooked form, the nutrition value for each staple depends on the cooking method for example: Although landraces of wheat are no longer grown in Europe and North America, they continue to be important elsewhere.

Annual Review of Food Science and Technology. How to cite item. Retrieved 2 June There were significant profitability differences between low- and high-cost farms, mainly due to crop yield differences, location, and farm size. Better seed storage and germination ability and hence a smaller requirement to retain harvested crop for next year’s seed is another 20th-century technological innovation.