Accessible FormNet`s virtual handholder guides the user to accurately complete, save, e-sign and electronically submit the form or just the Extensible Markup. To create an accessible online form, you must ensure that all form fields have accurate labels or prompts so screen reader users know what each field is asking . Intercon’s Accessible FormNet facilitates document automation and form preparation, offering a fast way to publish and make any form accessible online.

Author: Modal Zolom
Country: Liberia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Health and Food
Published (Last): 7 April 2015
Pages: 419
PDF File Size: 18.78 Mb
ePub File Size: 2.2 Mb
ISBN: 400-6-77994-938-5
Downloads: 66436
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Faegar

Labels or instructions are provided when content requires user input. Extra help can be found immediately after each field. For groups of related fields such as radio buttons and checkboxes, each form field fofmnet have a label as described in the previous section. Ensuring that id attributes are unique on a Web page.

Also, PDF form fields have a tendency to be out of order, so you must be sure to test the tab order of your form, to be acceesible that users will move through the form in a logical sequence when jumping between fields using the keyboard.

Form Instructions

By using aria-describedby to reference the format of the field, this information is made available to the users on request. Overall instructions Where relevant, provide overall instructions that apply to the entire form.

Providing descriptive labels G Moreover, at the time of writing this tutorial, placeholder text is not broadly supported across assistive technologies and not displayed in older web browsers. For example, to indicate required accessible fields and data formats in the text of the labels.

This will be explained further below. A variety of creative alternative solutions have been proposed that do not burden the user. This same approach can be used to avoid visual redundancy of displaying both labels and placeholder text. Provide instructions to help users understand how to complete the form and use individual form controls. Jump to the navigation Provide instructions to help users understand how to complete the form and use individual form controls.


At the time of writing this tutorial, web browsers usually display the placeholder text in a color that does not meet the minimum contrast requirement of WCAG 2. To avoid this problem, JavaScript can be used to make labels appear visually in the associated label element above or beside the input that has focus. Screen fork will announce both the label and help text when the form field has focus.

Assistive technologies, such as screen readers, do not treat placeholder text as labels. Using label elements to associate text labels with form controls H In most web browsers the color of the placeholder can be styled using torm CSS selectors.

These tutorials provide best-practice guidance on implementing accessibility in different situations. That is, it is not automatically displayed or read forrmnet. Indicate any required and optional input, data formats, and other relevant information. In addition to overall instructions, it is also important to provide relevant instructions within the labels of the form controls. Ensuring that a contrast ratio of at least 7: This makes sense if the user has been informed of the format before, or when there are lots of input fields with the same format, for example.

Creating Accessible Forms | Accessible Technology

Placeholder text provides instructions or an example of the required data forknet inside form fields that have not yet been edited by the user. The following code snippet sets the color to a light gray, which has just enough contrast to meet the contrast requirement, assuming the background of the element is white.

Positioning labels to maximize predictability of relationships H Other screen readers will guess at accsesible label, and in this example will probably guess accurately. Labels and prompts must all be created in a way that explicitly associates them with their corresponding form fields.

While placeholder text provides valuable guidance for many users, placeholder text is not a replacement for labels. Information, structure, and relationships conveyed through presentation can be programmatically determined or are available in text. For simple tormnet cases, providing instructions within labels may be sufficient.


For example, indicate any required and optional input, allowed data formats, and timing limitations. It is critical to include form instructions in ways that can be read aloud. The following accessigle has been corrected.

For all user interface components including but not limited to: However, as forms grow in complexity, screen readers that guess at labels are more likely to guess incorrectly, which means users are more likely to complete the form incorrectly.

Form Instructions • Forms • WAI Web Accessibility Tutorials

At the time of writing this tutorial, this approach is not fully supported by all web browsers and assistive technologies, for example, Braille displays. Web browsers use a combination of color and opacity to achieve this effect.

Headings and labels describe topic or purpose. Section Hidden labels of this tutorial acxessible how to hide information visually but keep it available to assistive technology. Placeholder text is usually displayed with lower color contrast than text provided by users, and it disappears from form fields when users start entering text. Be aware that this makes it very hard for users to review the form. To ensure backward compatibility, the for and id attributes are also used in this example.

Creating Accessible Forms

To create an accessible online form, you must ensure that all form fields have accurate labels or prompts so screen reader users know what each field is asking for. However, if additional help text is available, it can be formney with the form field using the aria-describedby attribute. University of Washington Be boundless Connect with us: