A article by Amadeo Bordiga on the role which Germany played in the two world wars and which the author expected it to play in a future communist. Writings of Amadeo Bordiga on this server (Italian, French, German, English, Spanish, Russian). [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] . Media in category “Amadeo Bordiga”. The following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. Amadeo 1, × 1,; KB.

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Many were also translated into French and published in the French journal Invariancefounded by Jacques Camatte, a former member of the International Communist Party, in Out of a regard for discipline, Amaceo and his comrades who became known as the Italian Communist Left accepted the Comintern decision, but they were in an increasingly difficult position.

This and other episodes demonstrate that the great strike movement was not only possible but also very effective. The Mental Patients Union, Our faction always rejected the thesis that Bordiha could be opposed by a bloc of the three parties into which the old Italian Socialist Party had fractured — communists, reformists and maximalists.

The basis of my position was to repudiate the fallacious preference — common to war-mongers of all nations — for the parliamentary democracies anadeo the bourgeois regimes, against the so-called feudal, autocratic and reactionary ones of Bordiha and Vienna, while saying nothing about the regime in Moscow.

Bordlga above all it would be senseless to carry out an investigation into the number of those devoted to the one and to the other display of energy. As leader of the abstentionist faction of the Socialist Party, he was at the centre of the split that led to the founding of the Communist Party of Italy, of which he served as secretary while Mussolini seized power. What was your analysis of the economic, social and political components of Fascism?

Victory was therefore handed to the centrists and Stalinists.

File:Amadeo – Wikipedia

At the end ofat the Fourth Congress of the International in Moscow, you spoke against the view of the majority, of Zinoviev and of Lenin himself, claiming that it was neither useful nor just for the communists to attempt to merge with the socialists to create a amadel government. For Bordiga, science was an expression of the mode of knowledge typical of capitalist society.

Log in for more features Click here to register now. However, this proposal was coolly received by Amaadeo and his friends.

In that short article, I noted that its avowed pragmatism revealed a gradualist tendency that would no doubt lead to concessions to a new kind of reformism, and even right-wing opportunism.


We reject any formula of workerist or labourist party excluding all non-proletarians; as it is a formula belonging to borduga historical opportunists. Here they were naturally thinking of Stalin, but probably also of Mussolini, who was a contemporary of Bordiga on the left wing of the Italian Socialist Party, but dramatically — and shockingly for the Socialist youth — swung towards nationalism on the eve of World War I.

What after the repression of the Haft Tapeh workers and aamdeo steelworkers in Ahvaz? I shall note that, shortly thereafter, Lenin — drafting his text on extremism as the infantile disorder of communism — wrote that he had received and read a few birdiga of Il Soviet and that he considered our movement boddiga only one in Italy to have understood the necessity to separate communists from social-democrats, by splitting the Socialist Party.

I wrote it in an article as early as For him, no society in which money, buying and selling and the rest survived could be regarded as either socialist or communist—these exchange categories would die out before the socialist rather than the communist stage was reached. The aforementioned, false merit of the Italian party in choosing both to refuse to support the war and to reject revolutionary sabotage, was later spuriously invoked by Serrati and his followers in opposing the expulsion of the reformist right which was in fact both social-democratic and social-chauvinist on the occasion of the founding of a new International that might redeem the disgraceful failure of the Second an outcome I had foreseen on behalf of left socialists at the Congress of Rome in February of Developing all the arguments of principle, we rejected the notion that the communist revolution could begin by workers seizing the factories and taking over their economic and technical management, as Gramsci believed.

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The objective of this new organisation was certainly not to gain the majority of votes at the Congress in Livorno, but rather to lay the foundations of the real communist party, which could only result from the open split between the followers of Moscow and the others. InItaly was shaken by violent demonstrations. You were the first to advocate, sincethe expulsion from the Socialist Party of the right-wing current, the so-called reformists.

This convergence was the result of our shared opinion on the historical course of the parties of the Second Socialist International, which came to harbour — as we used to say — two souls: When you subscribe to a class movement or to the theory of it magnificently developed by Karl Marx, the classes that clash against one another nowadays, the capitalist bourgeoisie and the salaried proletariat should not be reduced or represented — in order to reproduce their dynamics and antagonism — as concrete categories, but rather as abstract concepts, referring to experimental social facts.


Therefore the big existing proletarian parties are — necessarily and avowedly — opportunist. However, Bordiga’s hostility toward democracy was unrelated to the Stalinist narrative of the single-party state. It will be a small party, not owing to our will or choice, but because of ineluctable necessity.

This worked was tasked to me and Bruno Fortichiari. The Democratic Principle really liked it 4. Marx, Engels and Lenin always warned against this tendency of revisionist projects. In what ways did your positions diverged at this time? I had no medium with which to defend myself from that accusation. For Bordiga, both stages of socialist or communist society sometimes distinguished as socialism and communism were characterised by the gradual absence of money, the market and so on, the difference between them being that earlier in the first stage a system of rationing would be used to allocate goods to people while in communism this could be abandoned in favour of full free access.

Why did you oppose above all socialists, maximalists and reformists, who could have been useful allies against Fascism? The meaning of unitarism and of organic centralism is that the party develops inside itself the organs suited to the various functions, which we call propaganda, proselytism, proletarian organisation, union work, etc.

File:Amadeo Bordiga.jpg

Collection of the translated writings of Amadeo Bordiga. However, after a rift started to form, culminating in your expulsion from the Party, in The amdeo immediately left the hall of the Goldoni theatre and marched down to the San Marco theatre, wmadeo the Communist Party of Italy was founded.

Amadeo Bordiga Average rating: On the theoretical level, Bordiga developed an understanding of the Soviet Union as a capitalist society. Doctrine of the Body Possessed by the Devil 3.

Dialogue with Bordiga — Jacques Camatte. As for my assessment of the historical phenomenon of Fascism, I can point to as many as three speeches Bordkga gave at the congresses in Moscow ofand The decision was taken by the Executive and by its president, Zinoviev. Towards the establishment of workers’ councils in Italy – Amadeo Bordiga.