Northrop Fryes Theory of Archetypes Compiled by Dilip Barad Dept. of English, M.K. Bh. It was not until the work of the Canadian literary critic Northrop Frye that archetypal criticism was theorized in purely literary terms. The major. “The Archetypes of Literature” by Northrop Frye – Free download as PDF File .pdf ), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Northrop Frye. The Kenyon Review, Vol.

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Frye thought literary forms were part of a great circle and were capable of shading into other generic forms. Physics and Astronomy gained their scientific significance and they were accepted as branches of science during the Renaissance.

Frazer and Jung contend that in the development of a myth the central figure or central significance is the most important factor and many writers have accepted this view. In the world of nature also rituals are rhythmic. The Jungian archetypal approach treats literary texts as an avenue in which primordial images are represented. For instance Beckett ‘s Waiting For Godot is considered a tragicomedya play with elements of tragedy and satire, with the implication that interpreting textual elements in the play becomes difficult as the two opposing seasons and conventions that Frye associated with genres are pitted against each other.

The Archetypes of Literature by Stacey V on Prezi

The subordinate characters are the traitor and the siren. In human life there is a cycle of waking and dreaming and in nature also, it could be seen and it is the cycle of light and darkness. Crops are planted and harvested rhythmically every year and they have their seasons. However, it forms an important inclusion in the tradition of literary criticism. How archetypes came to be was also of no concern to Frye; rather, the function and effect of archetypes is his interest.


Phallic symbols towers, mountain peaks, snakes, knives, swords, etc.

Archetypal Criticism enjoyed the greatest popularity during the s and s. Cities, temples, precious stones, etc. Literature is like music and painting.

Archetypal literary criticism

This situation continued till Structuralism and Semiotics came into force as the major modes of criticism. Eliot — Study notes and Summary. The hero is absent. The archetypes literature Northrop Frye.

Litwrature Theory of myths ,” and “Rhetorical Qrchetypes Posted by Chitaranjan Kazhungil at 5: Jung was a psychologist associated with Freud. If you can, please read small Gujarati or Hindi or English poem from the archetypal approach and apply Indian seasonal grid in the interpretation. It is through primordial images that universal archetypes are experienced, and more importantly, that the unconscious is revealed. Frye also advocates a difference in the way a symbol is interpreted in connection with different genres.

Northrop Frye, The Literary Encyclopedia: Literature is produced in this manner over the years. Apart from him, the other prominent practitioners of various modes of archetypal criticism were G.



Circe transformed qrchetypes enemies, or those who offended her, into animals through the use of magical potions. Rhythm is an essential characteristic of music and in painting, pattern is the chief virtue.

In cognitive linguisticsmetonymy refers to the use of a single characteristic to identify a more complex entity and is one of the basic characteristics of cognition. Criticism does not deal with any actuality, but with litrrature is conceivable and possible. Eve from the story of Genesis or Pandora from Greek mythology are two such figures. Works of literature have their origins in such rituals and the archetypal archeetypes discovers and explains them.

Tragedy is associated to the downfall of the protagonist as autumn suggests the demise of the seasonal calendar. Shakespeare also borrowed heavily from a speech by Medea in Ovid ‘s Metamorphoses in writing Prospero ‘s renunciative speech; nevertheless, the unique archetyppes of these elements in the character of Prospero created a new interpretation of the sage magician as that of a carefully plotting hero, quite distinct from the wizard-as-advisor archetype of Merlin or Gandalf.