Aresti’s fundamental insight was that almost any aerobatic figure can be broken down Pingback: Aresti Notation (aerobatic symbols) | The Aerobatic Project. EXPLANATION OF ARESTI SYMBOLS. Beginning of flight. | End of flight. Inside loop (positive G). Start of manoeuvre. Outside loop (negative G). First published in , José Luis de Aresti’s ‘Sistema Aresti’ provided Aresti Notation (aerobatic symbols), Part 1: the Standard Known.

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A half loop then results in a vertical down-line. Software is available to design and display aerobatic sequences using Aresti notation.

The aileron is fully deflected in the direction of the roll.

Aresti Notation Tutorial |

The dotted line between maneuvers 4 and sykbols serves only to connect them. Once the rotation has stopped, a vertical downline has to be established. Figure 1 shows the symbol for a regular inside snap roll. The next, the “free,” is a sequence unique to each competitor. In an outside snap, the plane is stalled by applying negative G. The K-values included with the competition figures give an indication of the difficulty of each of these maneuvers. Reverse Half Cuban Eight.

Sequence Flying

The exit line at the bottom has to be at least smybols long as the other seven sides. Make sure you are not too fast going into the maneuver, otherwise you may exceed redline speed. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Then a smooth pull-up is started. When the plane has slowed enough, full rudder initiates arezti turnaround. This figure also is the second half of a loop downward, this time an outside loop.


After the compulsory sequence, the pilot may fly a short freestyle routine of his own choosing. This is a detailed explanation on how to properly execute a Hammerhead to the IAC competition judging standard. When the plane stops climbing, it pivots around its vertical axis which is now horizontal.

The symbls has to be at the same altitude as the entrance to the figure.

Category:Aresti-Symbols – Wikimedia Commons

Figure 2 shows an outside snap. This is not an accurate name because the airplane never stalls. This figure can have optionally rolls on both the up-line and the down-line.

Elevator and rudder are used to keep the nose pointing straight down. Competition turns are not the coordinated maneuvers that you use in normal flying.

For instance the quarter loops going into and coming out of a hammerhead have to have aymbols same radius.

At the advanced stage, the maneuvers come rapidly, one after the other, so it becomes more important than ever to exit each maneuver properly so you can move directly to the next. Two- four- and eight-point rolls are allowed. Feel free aresi make up routines of your own.

Below is a list of aerobatic figures and the symbols used to represent them. The following basic routines are good training tools to practice your transitions and location. The rotation has to stop exactly after the specified number of turns. Voice From Abroad: The catalog assigns each manoeuver a unique identifiercalled a catalog numberand difficulty factor, represented by the symbol K. In this case it trades altitude for speed. This is another maneuver to reverse direction.

Thick dot represents the beginning of the manoeuver, while a short perpendicular line represents the end. Portions of arcs approx. When the pivot is completed, the ailerons and rudder are neutralized.


This unique system of diagramming maneuvers for sequences is named after its inventor, Count Jose L. Arrows represent rolling manoeuvers with numbers representing the extent and number of segments of the roll. The name Lazy Eight comes from the fact that the nose of the airplane is following a figure 8 on its side on the horizon.

By combining these symbols, you can manufacture thousands of multipart maneuvers, and by combining maneuvers you can form air show type sequences. This sequence uses both ascending and descending maneuvers. This is the easiest of the rolls to fly.

A half roll then results in horizontal upright flight. The catalog broadly classifies manoeuvers into numbered families. The elevator is then neutralized and the aileron fully deflected in the direction of the roll.

It has to be perfectly round, entry and exit have to be at the same altitude. The maneuver starts with a pull-up of about 3 aymbols 4 G. The figure starts with a quarter loop to a vertical climb. The aileron and barrel rolls are not flown in aerobatic competitions.

Each figure’s grades are multiplied by its K and summed to yield a total raw score for the flight. The decreasing bank angle during the second half of the Chandelle will maintain a constant turn rate together with the decreasing airspeed. After moving vertically down to pick up speed again, the maneuver is finished with the last quarter of a loop to horizontal flight.