This Thesis is written to discuss the truth of Samuel P. Huntington’s thesis about the clash civilization between Islam and West. This Theorized clash civilization. Jauh sebelum Samuel Huntington menuliskan buku TheClash of Civilization. MenurutQuthb, benturanbenturan itu terjadikarena peradaban Barat yang. Download Citation on ResearchGate | BENTURAN PERADABAN DAN CARUT- MARUT POSTMODERNISME Huntington, Samuel P
|Published (Last):||19 August 2014|
|PDF File Size:||4.31 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||15.55 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
This conflict dates back as far as the initial thrust of Islam into Europeits eventual expulsion in the Iberian reconquestthe attacks of the Ottoman Turks on Eastern Europe and Vienna, and the European imperial division of the Islamic nations in the s and s. The initiative is intended to galvanize collective action epradaban diverse societies to combat extremismto overcome cultural and social barriers between mainly the Western and predominantly Muslim worlds, and to reduce the tensions and polarization between societies which differ in religious and cultural values.
Huntington also argues that civilizational conflicts are “particularly prevalent between Muslims and non-Muslims”, identifying the “bloody borders” between Islamic and non-Islamic civilizations.
Western civilization is no exception. Huntington began his thinking by surveying the diverse theories about the nature of global politics in the post-Cold War period.
He argues samul is no “Islamic civilization” nor a “Western civilization”, and that the evidence for a civilization clash is not convincing, especially when considering relationships such as that between the United States and Saudi Arabia. The Challenges to America’s National Identity Some theorists and writers argued that human rightsliberal democracyand the capitalist free market economy had become the only remaining ideological alternative for nations in the post-Cold War world.
In the sakuel, world history was mainly about the struggles between monarchs, nations and ideologies, such as seen within Western civilization.
Clash of Civilizations – Wikipedia
Juntington state conflicts can arise out of fault line conflicts when core states become involved. Oxford University Press; Some of these countries have clashed with the West and some have not. International Studies Quarterly, 45, pp.
Manifestations of what he terms the ” Islamic Resurgence ” include the Iranian revolution and the first Gulf War.
Specifically, he believes that China’s goals are to reassert itself as the regional hegemonand that other countries in the region will ‘bandwagon’ with China due to the history of hierarchical command structures implicit in the Confucian Sinic civilization, as opposed to the individualism and pluralism valued in the West. Then, we will regain the Turkish public opinion support in one day. The art, philosophy, and technologies by which Greece people were highly endeavors for humankind for several centuries.
Clash of Civilizations
In recent years, the theory of Dialogue Among Civilizations samhel, a response to Huntington’s Clash of Civilizations, has become the center of some international attention. Retrieved from ” https: Afterward I analyze with the clash of civilization by which introduce by Huntington.
Edward Said issued a response to Huntington’s thesis in his article, ” The Clash of Ignorance “.
But after the end of the Cold Warworld politics moved into a new phase, in which non-Western civilizations are no longer the exploited recipients of Western civilization but have become additional important actors joining the West to shape and move world history.
He also gives the example of Australia as a country torn between its Western civilizational heritage and its growing economic engagement with Asia. Huntington sees Islamic civilization as a potential ally to China, both having more revisionist goals and sharing common conflicts with other civilizations, especially the West.
Regional powers such as the two Koreas and Vietnam will acquiesce to Chinese demands and become more supportive of China rather than attempting to oppose it. On the contrary, Persians civilization will be masterpiece for Eastern world. Huntington’s geopolitical model, especially the structures for North Africa and Eurasia, is largely derived from the ” Intermediate Region ” geopolitical model first formulated by Dimitri Kitsikis and published in International Politics, 42, pp.
According to Huntington, the West is distinguished from Orthodox Christian countries by its experience of the RenaissanceReformationthe Enlightenment ; by overseas colonialism rather than contiguous expansion and colonialism; and by the infusion of Classical culture through ancient Greece rather than through the continuous trajectory of the Byzantine Empire.
Concerning this region, Huntington departs from Kitsikis contending that a civilizational fault line exists between the two dominant yet differing religions Eastern Orthodoxy and Sunni Islamhence a dynamic of external conflict.
A longtime critic of the Huntingtonian paradigm, and an outspoken proponent of Arab issues, Edward Said also argues that the clash of civilizations thesis is an example of “the purest invidious racism, a sort of parody of Hitlerian science directed today against Arabs and Muslims” p. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Third, the elites of the civilization that the torn country is trying to join must accept the country.
They have a set of mutual cultural, social, economic and political views and norms which radically differ from those in the West and the Far East.
In his book Terror and LiberalismPaul Berman argues that distinct cultural boundaries do not exist in the present day.
The practice of democracy that has won out in the modern West is largely a result of a consensus that has emerged since the Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolutionand particularly in the last century or so.
These conflicts may result from a number of causes, such as: In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The Globalization of World Politics. To read in this a historical commitment of the West—over the millennia—to democracy, and then huntungton contrast it with non-Western traditions treating each as monolithic would be a great mistake.
Cultures in world affairs. This research was to elaborate the big battles between Greece and Persian in the past called by historian as Persian War.
Noam Chomsky has criticized the concept of the clash of civilizations as just being a new justification for the United States “for any atrocities that they wanted to carry out”, which was required after the Cold War as the Soviet Union was no longer a viable threat.
Clear and Present Strangers: In the Intermediate Region, therefore, one cannot speak of a civilizational clash or external conflict, but rather an internal conflict, not for cultural domination, but for political succession. I, Paris, Robert Laffont,p.