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De Moura Castro and Levyp. Method As a case study, this dissertation seeks to provide a complex understanding of the role of higher education in Colombian conflict and postconflict. These theories have been criticized, partly because they are very cutas to test something that Arrow acknowledged in his paper but also because if they were true,!

It must be stressed that this was an internal event with very! Then, the focus turns to the Colombian case.

One of the biggest weaknesses of these studies is that their theoretical framework is either not very well defined or borrowed from other fields. Ivan Francisco Pacheco Persistent link: The four functions of higher education that De Moura Castro and Levy identified are: The part of this dissertation dedicated specifically to Colombia, is based on 23 semi-structured interviews with university rectors and vice-rectors, government officials, and higher education experts in the country.

The selection of the interviewees for the Colombian case study included only policy-makers and policy-executors, particularly, rectors, vice-rectors, experts, and members of the government.

As it will be argued later on, cwrtilla of the reasons is that the concept of peacebuilding emerged until the s, after most of these conflicts ended.

Two thirds of the armed conflicts that ended during the first! The conceptual framework for the study is a taxonomy of the functions of higher education designed by the author. I do believe that higher education institutions have a very important role to play in the progress of developing countries and I believe that this role is even more important in post-conflict nations.

There are three functions that require further explanation: Brinton Lykes and Dr. Training the skilled labor force has been a basic function of higher education. The causes of the conflict among the groups of people are, for example, the na. Interviewees were given the opportunity of concealing their identity in several moments: Popular del Cesar Valledupar Aguachica U.

This was based on the assumption that the involvement of higher education in peacebuilding has change through time. Peacekeeping, Peacemaking and Peacebuilding. However, my approach is not prescriptive or evaluative; this taxonomy was not used to find what higher education institutions must do, or to assess how they are doing it, but to identify whether or not they are performing any of those functions and to describe how. One general principle of taxonomies, mostly those in the nature sciences, is mutual exclusiveness; that is, that a given entity can only belong to one class.


It was based on an extremely consensual view of society and it subordinated the functions of higher education to its purposes, which limits the scope of!

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Chapter Two contains an overview of the literature on education and conflict. Conflict, Postconflict, and the Functions of Higher Education: In the first case, clear signs of the end of the conflict, like a formal surrender, a peace treaty, or a negotiated cessation of hostilities are easy to observe.

The proportion of students in higher education in Germany grew from 11 per 10, inhabitants into 25 per 10, inhabitants in ; this striking expansion has been attributed in good part to demobilized officers who did not enter the university to study but to conduct propaganda activities among students and teachers Wolf, Interviewees were free to talk about other functions or even other topics that I did not consider when I designed the interview guide.

Often times, students participation in revolutionary activities is presented as a contribution of the university to the revolutionary cause. However, they are not intended to be representative of all armed conflicts that took place during the twentieth century.

Because the purpose of the study was to evaluate the performance of higher education in the United States many of the functions identified by the commission are important within the framework of the evaluation but are difficult to extrapolate to different contexts. Many of them managed to find acceptable ways to do so without compromising such neutrality, like putting their career on hold and enrolling in the armed forces, purchasing war bonds, and working for or contributing to the Red Cross.

The role that higher education institutions can play in the development of a new curriculum and in the training and re-training of teachers has not been studied in detail.

Conflict, Postconflict, and the Functions of the – [email protected] – PDF Free Download

In this chapter I present four classifications of the functions and purposes of higher education: Importance of the study This dissertation is a pioneer in many ways. The twentieth century witnessed a large number of conflicts.


Some professor contributed with research relevant to the war enterprise. In addition to the semi-structured interviews, I conducted informal interviews with different types of informants including higher education experts, professors, and students. Triangulation between sources was possible by contrasting the findings from the interviews with those from documental sources. This criterion proved to be difficult to apply as a distinguishing feature, as it will be illustrated below.

Development of appropriate special programs —both remedial and cultural Research Cltas This dissertation aims at answering three main iniandes questions: The other Seven Conflicts were selected based on three different criteria: Merchants in the middle age were aware of the positive!

Like in other topics from the field of education and conflict, literature about peace education in higher education is scarce, to the point that Harrisp. For example, while indoctrination activities can be considered a valid strategy to promote a specific type of political and economic model e.

The avoidance of social change, includes the promotion and reproduction of the ideology of the dominant class, acting as a buffer against unemployment which tends to release the levels of disconformity in societyand the sorting of talent based on previous status or pre-existing skills. They emphasized the use of open distance education as a development vehicle for the region, during the cartiloa and post-conflict periods. Caartilla this part, the unit of analysis was each conflict.

In terms of geographic regions, the sample contains countries from North and South America, Europe and Africa.

The conceptual framework will be presented in more detail in Chapter Four. However, a critical reflection on the support of the intellectuals to the war or the causes of the political se did not happen; on the contrary, universities kept celebrating the founding of the German Reich and perpetuating the ideals of supremacy and anti-Semitism Gellert,p.

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Type and Quality of the Sources Data about the conflicts included in the international overview came mostly from secondary sources that in general were not initially intended to explore the connection between higher education and conflict. However, they may help identify sound questions and potential methods to conduct further studies. Most of these papers provided descriptions of the conflict, its effect in higher education, and some activities carried out!