: Lieutenant Nun: Memoir of a Basque Transvestite in the New World (): Catalina De Erauso, Michele Stepto, Gabri Stepto: Books. : Lieutenant Nun: Memoir of a Basque Transvestite in the New World (Audible Audio Edition): Catalina de Erauso, Michele Stepto – translator. Named a New York Times Book Review Notable Book of One of the earliest known autobiographies by a woman, this is the extraordinary tale of Catalina.

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It is during this same period that she is said to have written or dictated accounts vary her memoir. It was normal at that time for srauso to be placed in convents at a young age to be educated according to Catholic tradition, promoting the learning of tasks appropriate to their sex to be subsequently eraudo be betrothed “as God intended”.

At that point, she changed her identity. This happened originally in heterosexual, erajso in the s to appeal to younger women as glamorous. Inwhen this English translation of Erauso’s autobiography was published, the identification of this seventeenth-century figure as “transvestite” was controversial and contested.

She took the book. There is a reference to a supposed manuscript copy in the eighteenth century, a copy of which was eventually published in France in lieuteannt In she was arrested in Huamanga, Peru, because of a dispute. Retrieved 9 May In the nineteenth century highlights the work of Thomas De Quincey, who turns Erausco into a typically romantic character, victim of fate and immersed in a series of adventures. At the time the Spanish were busy building what would become in time the largest empire in the world, stretching across what is now South America.

Catalina de Erauso

Project MUSE Mission Project MUSE promotes the creation and frauso of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. Jun 30, Pages. She went to the fight with another person, and in the fight the man’s friend was killed. Firstly, they all knew Erauso by different names and different accomplishments.


In the next battle of Puren her captain died and she took command, winning the battle.

In addition, she is also granted another, more unusual request: Catalina fell in love with the girl she was transporting, and almost challenged the prospective husband to a duel, but she was convinced not to do so Once she arrived she used her pension to set up a business as a mule driver, transporting cargo between Veracruz and Mexico City.

May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Retrieved from ” https: As a man, Erauso serves in Chile, Peru, and Bolivia, eventually earning the rank of lieutenant, recognized for catlaina and efficiency.

Not knowing what to make of the rest of my habit, I left it there. Retrieved 17 February At one point, “he” is almost forced to marry a woman, at another, “he” is dismissed when caught in a compromising position with a young woman.

Archived from the original on 14 July At the time, cross-dressing was illegal in Re and carried serious penalties. True to his namesake, the gang leader wore a set of armour but Catalina still managed to take him down. The reason that their accounts are different is for a few reasons. Fairleigh Dickinson UP, Newer Post Older Cataliina Home. It was the land of opportunity, and it was the perfect place for Catalina to make his mark. However Catalina was also badly injured and the assumption was that he was going to die.

Still others fall into the third camp that Erauso actually did identify as a man. There I hid out for three days tracing and cutting clothing.

After this trial of fire he decided to leave Spain behind. So fact becomes impossible to distinguish from fiction, and legends are born.


For a Spanish edition, available through the Biblioteca virtual de Miguel Cervantesclick here. This section gives accounts from witnesses or other people that knew Erauso and could speak to her demeanor in her petition of the King and the Pope. She told to the sailors that her uncle had sent her on an errand. The character of The Nun Lieutenant was, and remains today, a source of inspiration for writers, playwrights, filmmakers and artists most notably her portrait, attributed to Juan van der Hamen.

In this case he became a favourite of his employer, though his quick temper soon got him in trouble. Her autobiography is ambiguous on the matter, though given the attitudes of the times it could hardly directly state she was trans. This time she was sentenced to death, but was saved at the last minute by the deposition of another prisoner sentenced to death.

About Lieutenant Nun Cxtalina of the earliest known eraauso by a woman, this is the extraordinary tale of Catalina de Erauso, who in escaped from a Basque convent dressed as a man and went on to live one of the most wildly fantastic lives of any woman in history.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Catalina de Erauso, c.

Lieutenant Nun by Catalina De Erauso | : Books

I don’t know the answer to any of these questions, though I erasuo enjoy the lively scholarly debate about Catalina de Erauso and the memoir attributed to her. Eventually the king decided to grant her a pension of pesos a year. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.