Home HISTORY THE NGONI MIGRATION (O LEVEL) EFFECTS OF NGONI They caused wide spread loss of lives leading to depopulation in some areas. The Ngoni migration was primarily caused by Shaka’s expansionist wars. He had embarked on an a vigorous policy of expanding his empire at the expense of. Explain the causes of the Ngoni migration. Reasons for the Ngoni migration. The Ngoni migrated due to the tyrannical and dictatorial rule of.

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They could not move east because Portuguese farmers were there and there were also slave traders. Do this when you have studied the whole topic of the Ngoni migration.

Zwangendaba led the biggest Ngoni group that entered in East Africa. They disrupted the trade route between Tabora and Ujiji.


Their migration also led to the decline of some states especially those that had no capacity to resist their aggreression. Cattle migrahion the Ngoni’s wealth. Villages were destroyed and people were forced offtheir land. The period of drought meant that crops failed.


It was also due to epidemic diseases such as smallpox and sleeping sickness that affected them. There were 3 groups of the Ngoni in East Africa i.

MGVSS History subject: History Ngoni Migration

The Ngoni were fully united under their commanders. This is called a kraal. One way was to steal food and cattle from villages they came across. Drought and Crop Failure.

Their weaponry and tactics were later used against them. Over the next 20 years they had to find ways to survive.

One of the Sangu chieftains, Mwakawangu, united the people to defeat the Ngoni invaders. There was increased slave trade because of the Ngoni confusion, chaos and disorganization.

It led to increased war-fare among the African societies, including those areas that had been peaceful before. The Zulu started to fight among themselves for land and water. Later inthey divided into two groups.

Because there was plenty of food he was able to have an army. He was a great warrior and leader.

It was due to fear of being absorbed into the empire of tyrant Shaka. There is a separate area where the men of the village talk.


This caused untold suffering, bloodshed and a period of uncertainty. These included Mirambo, Nyungu ya Mawe and Mkwawa, who used the Ngoni military tactics to build their states. It led to the Zulu Wars. They crossed River Zambezi on 19th November solar eclipse daytravelled through Malawi and finally settled around Ufipa Fipa plateau in They burnt and destroyed crops. In origin, the Ngoni, were close relatives of the Zulu. Zwangendaba died in Mapupo in They were fed up with the old traditional political system, which encouraged dictatorship and therefore wanted change, which could be achieved through migration.

They often fought on their feet and in open areas for easy movement.

Newer Post Older Post Home. As well as having similar migratioh the Ngoni and the Zulu had similar customs and rituals. Video tape on Shaka.