Jan 5, Portal cavernoma (PC) is the most critical condition with risk or variceal hemorrhage in pediatric patients. We retrospectively investigated the. Cavernous transformation of the portal vein (also called portal cavernoma) occurs when the native portal vein is thrombosed and myriads of collateral channels. La obstrucción de la vena porta con un hígado sano es una causa frecuente de hipertensión portal en los niños. El curso natural de la enfermedad se.

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Patient Characteristics At the time of analysis, eligible and evaluable patients diagnosed with portal cavernoma without liver cirrhosis or abdominal malignancy fulfilled the criteria for inclusion in our study. Our study demonstrated that most patients with caveernomatosis cavernoma had a relatively benign course.

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Details for Transfer of Credits. Gastroenterology,pp. Technical Support Mail Us: Due to the excellent outcome of pediatric patients with PC, the follow-up period was relatively not enough to meet the endpoints, which might depress its resolving power even miss other potential porgal. No other mode of fee payment is permitted.

In the present study, open RV was found in nine cases, and spontaneous paraumbilical vein patefaction was found in three. Mesenteric and portal vein thrombosis in a young patient with protein S deficiency treated with urokinase via the superior mesenteric artery.

Variables that were significantly associated with recurrent variceal bleeding in univariate analysis and had a value less than 0. We inferred that the development of portal cavernoma is a tardiness and benign course. Acute variceal bleeding was treated with urgent medical or endoscopic therapy. In the present study, collateral vessels in the patients in the present study were mainly located in the lower esophagus and gastric fundus, which was consistent with the clinical symptoms of upper gastrointestinal bleeding such as hematemesis and melena.


Cavernous transformation cavernomatoss as numerous tortuous vessels occupying the portal vein bed. Portal cavernoma PC is the most critical condition with risk or variceal hemorrhage in pediatric patients.

Gastroenterology Research and Practice

The presence of ascites, collateral circulation, and portal venous pressure evaluation are important and could predict the postsurgical recurrent variceal bleeding in patients with portal cavernoma. Nine cases presented with open retroperitoneal communicating branches venous plexus of Retziusshowing tortuous disordered retroperitoneal blood vessels in a bundle shape or cirsoid shape connected to the inferior vena cava.

Following the splenectomy and gastric fundic and lower esophageal vascular disconnection, no severe hematemesis recurrence or obvious black tarry feces presented in 33 pediatric patients. To receive news and publication updates for Gastroenterology Research and Practice, enter your email address in the box below.

Compared to patients without recurrent variceal bleeding, those with recurrent variceal bleeding had a longer history of portal cavernoma 1. Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads. In this study, we also found several potentially amenable risk factors, which can cavrnomatosis prognostic information about the probability of developing postprocedural recurrent variceal bleeding in individual patients and may lead to development of effective preventive strategies.

Based on the importance of ascites nioe pediatric patients with portal cavernoma, therapeutic decision making needs to be altered according to the presence of ascites [ 20 ]. Assessment of manifestation and portal vein-vena cava shunt on angiography. First, this is a retrospective, single-center study.

Ville de Goyet, D. Indeed, the presence of ascites is caused not only by the portal pressure itself, but also by a deterioration of liver function and a lower level of serum albumin and sodium, which are closely correlated with the presence of ascites [ 1819 ].

An extended follow-up csvernomatosis might be performed in the future. Following this pathophysiological condition, portal hypertension might eventually develop with esophagogastric varices, splenomegaly, and even biliary abnormalities in the majority of patients with PC.


Cavernous transformation of the portal vein | Radiology Reference Article |

Splenorenal shunt was attempted for the patients with recurrent variceal bleeding in eight patients. Cxvernomatosis other two patients recovered well during the follow-up. From January to Julyconsecutive patients with confirmed diagnosis of portal cavernoma were enrolled in this observational caverrnomatosis. Under barium meal examination six months after surgery, esophageal varices disappeared in 10 cases and were relieved in one and one patient was lost to follow-up.

The presence of severe ascites, collateral circulation, and high portal venous pressure remained significant in the logistic regression model and so were regarded as independent predictors of recurrent variceal bleeding in pediatric patients with portal cavernoma Table 5. We should pay more attention to the underlying liver dysfunction and comorbidities.

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Case 9 Case 9. Gastroenterology Research and Practice.

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Because the risk of bleeding in these patients can decrease with age, non-aggressive management is preferred whenever possible. The bleeding episodes are associated with frequent hospital admissions and high morbidity.

Between July and Junewe retrospectively enrolled all consecutive patients admitted nos our department with a diagnosis of PC without abdominal malignancy or liver cirrhosis.