A nonalert downer cow appears systemically sick and depressed. Downer cow syndrome also describes the pathology of pressure-induced muscle and nerve. A recumbent cow is often described as being ‘down’ and when it has been recumbent for a prolonged period as a ‘downer cow’. There are many causes of a . Downer Cow Syndrome. • Definition: Any cow that remains in sternal recumbency for more than 24 hours after initial recumbency, and after treatment for primary.

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Most commonly it is a complication of milk fever condition. The most likely reason for a cow go down is trauma. Following parturient paresis a cow may develop downer syndrome due to nerve injuries and over stretching of nerves or due to pressure on nerves while in recumbency.

However, if the cow becomes listless, shows no interest in feed, or has decubital lesions or starts to lose condition, slaughter on humane grounds must be considered irrespective of how long she has been recumbent.

With the help of body slings, the animals should be allowed to stand for minutes and then lowered down. Calcium and Magnesium Injection. Even if the cow does not stand, the lifted position provides an opportunity to manipulate the limbs, auscultate for crepitation, and perform vaginal and rectal examinations. There may be of low blood potassium level.

A cow that salivates on its feed will not eat it later. Registration VAT No. This downeg of stance is ascribed as “creeper cow” A downer cow which continues to remain down for more than 7 days ends fatally.

Helping the odwner rise On every day of the recumbency, an attempt should be made to bring the cow to its feet. Physiotherapy by adopting muscle massage may be made to restore muscle activity of the limbs. On every day of the recumbency, an attempt should be made to bring the cow to its feet. Most commonly occurs immediately after parturition. Recently calved animals should be monitored at least 48 hours after parturition for the dpwner of milk fever signs.


Low calcium and high phosphorus diet should be given to stimulate parathyroid gland and thus to avoid hypocalcaemia.

Lettuce and cabbage leaves are accepted by some cows. A low level of blood magnesium has been incriminated as cause but it may develop along with low level of calcium. This could be post-calving, a metabolic issue such as milk fever or a disease such as mastitis or metritis. Cow should be made to stand within a short time following parturition.

This is frequently met in exotic and cross bred dairy cows. So long as the cow looks bright, occasionally struggles to rise, and continues to eat and drink, recovery is a possibility.

Cow should be turned at least at 3 hours interval. Re-placement therapy with Calcium, Phosphorus, magnesium, Glucose containing preparations can be used parenterally by qualified veterinarian.

In one method, the clinician stands with feet pressed under the cow at a point below the scapulohumeral joint. It is vital that recumbent cows be provided with clean water at all times. Monitoring the blood mineral status is an important part of downer cow management.

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Treatment Downer cows are often hypocalcemic. This Guide can help you identify which disease is damaging your cattle. The damage of the heart muscle may be attributable to repeated dosing with calcium preparations in milk fever condition.

Cow remains bright and alert. Downer animals should be milked normally and the udder kept clean by washing with germicide soap before milking and post milking teat dips should be applied. If the animal struggles to rise, an assistant should grasp the root of the tailhead with both hands and lift. Early calcium treatment for milk fever. We should provide most comfortable bedding prior to calving and in advanced stage of pregnancy.


If possible cow of a dairy farm should be brought under metabolic profile test to pinpoint the deficit and to make good use of it. If an apparently hypocalcemic cow does not respond to calcium therapy, phosphorus, magnesium, and potassium should be given as additional treatments pending the results of laboratory tests.

NADIS – National Animal Disease Information Service

A shallow rubber feed bowl prevents spillage. The weight of the bull should be within the weight bearing capacity of the cow. The downer cow is not very well defined. A sharp blow is delivered by driving the knees into the muscle mass below and caudal to the coww.

Continual use causes trauma and pain that is counterproductive. Cow is inability to rise and remains in recumbent position.

1 alpha-hydroxycholecalciferol for the treatment of the downer cow syndrome.

This synrrome must not be used on the thoracic wall unprotected by the muscle mass to avoid fracturing the ribs. This pathology precedes various myopathies and may precipitate the compartment syndrome. If the cow struggles and scrapes the wet manure, exposing concrete, more manure dwoner be added.

Appetite, rumination, defecation and urination are usually normal. Hip lifters may be used for lift the downer animals. The downer cows most difficult to treat are those that do not try to eat.