: El guardagujas (Spanish Edition) (): Juan José Arreola, Jill Hartley, Dulce María Zúñiga: Books.
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As demonstrated by its numerous interpretations, “The Switchman” is fraught with ambiguity. In the final lines of Arreola’s story the assertion of the stranger now referred to as the traveler that he is going to X rather than T indicates that guardaguujas has become an absurd man ready to set out for an unknown destination.
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As the stranger is very interested in guardagjas, the switchman once again encourages the stranger to try his luck, but warns him not to talk to fellow passengers, who may be spies, and to watch out for mirages that the railroad company generates.
Mexican literature short stories. The railroad company occasionally creates false train stations in remote locations to abandon people when the trains become too crowded. The stranger argues that he should be able to go to T. The switchman turns to tell the stranger that he is lucky. Though some consider him to be a pioneer in the field on non-realistic literature, critics of him felt that social conditions in Mexico demanded a more realistic examination of the inequalities.
And the conductors’ pride in never failing to deposit their deceased passengers on the station platforms as prescribed by their tickets suggests that the only certain human destination is death, guardaghjas fundamental absurdist concept.
The old man then dissolves in the clear morning air, and only the red speck of the lantern remains visible before the noisily approaching engine. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. In addition, it is not really clear that the system does operate in the way the switchman claims: The railroad tracks melting away in the distance represent the unknown future, while the elaborate network of uncompleted railroads evokes people’s vain efforts to put into effect rational schemes.
The stranger is also told it should make no difference to guardagujzs whether or not he reaches T, that once he is on the train his life “will indeed take on some direction.
But upon inquiring again where the stranger wants to go, the switchman receives the answer X instead of T. Retrieved April 12, Instead, they resembled the work of writers like Franz Kafka and Albert Camus and their examination of the human condition. Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article.
El guardagujas de Juan Jósé Arreola by Davi Mesquita Bodingbauer on Prezi
Retrieved from ” https: The “switchman” tells the stranger that the country guarfagujas famous for its railroad system; though many timetables and tickets have been produced, the trains do not follow them well. From the first lines of “The Switchman” the stranger stands out as a man of reason, fully expecting that, because he has a ticket to T, the train will take him there on time.
The image immediately thereafter of the tiny red lantern swinging back and forth guarddagujas the onrushing train conveys the story’s principal theme: The absurd human is one who recognizes a guarxagujas of clear purpose in life and therefore resolves to commit himself or herself to the struggle for order against the unpredictable, fortuitous reality he or she encounters. The stranger is very confused; he has no plans to stay.
Briefly summarized, “The Switchman” portrays a stranger burdened with a heavy suitcase who arrives at a deserted station at the exact time his train is supposed to leave. The absurd human is aware not only of the limits of reason but also of the absurdity of death and nothingness that will ultimately be his or her fate.
When the stranger asks the switchman how he knows all of this, the switchman replies that he is a retired switchman who visits train stations to reminisce about old times. In their view, their elaborate system, which includes accommodations for years-long trips and even for deaths, is very good. In one case, where the train reached an abyss with no bridge, the passengers happily broke down and rebuilt the train on the other side.
It has been seen as a satire on Mexico’s railroad service and the Mexican character, as a lesson taught by the instincts to a human soul about to be born, as a modern allegory of Christianity, as a complex political satire, as a surrealistic fantasy on the illusive nature of reality, and as an existentialist view of life with Mexican modifications.
Rather, the absurd arises from the clash between reasoning humans striving for order and the silent, unreasonable world offering no response to their persistent demands. Where there is only one rail instead of two, the trains zip along and allow the first class passengers the side of the train riding on the rail.
The stranger wants to know if a train going to T. He feels that those with authority create absurd laws and conditions in their domain, and their subjects often willingly accept these absurdities, much like ordinary train passengers.
The Switchman Original title: There are clearly rails laid down for a train, but nothing to indicate that a train does indeed pass through this particular station.