This manual is part of the FM series, which describes a contemporary. Opposing Force (OPFOR) that exists for the purpose of training U.S. forces. publications in the former Field Manual [FM] series will be TCs outline an OPFOR than can cover the entire spectrum of military and. First, the armor- and mechanized-based and infantry-based OPFOR modules . Likewise, some types of OPFOR described in FM can.

Author: Kigagore Muhn
Country: Uzbekistan
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Music
Published (Last): 5 November 2012
Pages: 218
PDF File Size: 18.96 Mb
ePub File Size: 18.51 Mb
ISBN: 571-6-96817-534-1
Downloads: 77468
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Shakazshura

For definitions of other key terms, the reader should refer to the index, where page numbers in bold type indicate the main entry for a particular topic. This series provides a flexible OPFOR package that users can tailor to represent a wide range of potential threat capabilities and organizations.

The following paragraphs explain the difference between an OPFOR and a threat and the relationships between the two. The engineer units are needed to prepare for movement. This OPFOR can also include less-capable forces, such gm internal security forces, the militia, and reserves. The to km interval between first- and second-echelon divisions also remains constant. However, such a force is exceedingly expensive to equip, train, and maintain. The preferred method is for the main CP to move with first-echelon combat forces.

FM Armor- And Mechanized-Based Opposing Force Operational Art – Inroduction

The army’s width may be from to km. Once hostilities begin, the emphasis is on minimizing the available picture.

The manual also addresses strategic and theater operations, to provide a larger context for the actions of the organizations listed above. The scenario should also include, among other things: In these areas, they could reconfigure themselves from march formation into combat formation for the attack, while still beyond the range of enemy artillery.

Aside from the Ground Forces, the State’s armed forces may include any or all of the following components:.

File:FM 7-100.1 – OPFOR, Opposing Force Operations (December 2004).pdf

However, these Ground Forces are primarily infantry dismounted or motorizedwith relatively few mechanized infantry and tank units and perhaps some airborne infantry units. There may also be more organized forces such as internal security forces ipfor regular military units. Intervals between brigades grow from 5 to 10 km, with about 5 km between battalions.


Like the lower end of the infantry-based OPFOR, these forces are likely to attempt to deal with a larger, more technologically advanced army through terrorism or insurgency. Tm problem is most acute in the case of tanks and, opgor a lesser extent, opfoor artillery and infantry combat vehicles. The referenced page often includes a definition of f, indexed term. As such, it could include armor- and mechanized-based or infantry-based forces of the types found in FMs andrespectively.

When the army moves into that rest area, the forward CP moves on to the next one; this move may be wholly or in part by helicopter. During extended halts, the OPFOR lays landline, and uses existing telephone networks and cellular systems whenever possible.

However, the combined use fmm road and rail marches can offer the optimum solution as described later. Beginning prior to the initiation of hostilities, the OPFOR continuously conducts offensive and defensive IW activities throughout the duration of a march.

They typically use these heavier units as exploitation forces or mobile reserves. These may be the forces of a preindustrial nation or a nonnation group. Even with a small infantry-based force, however, the State might mobilize and deploy one army- or corps-size force capable of conducting large-scale operations against a neighboring country whose armed forces are also infantry-based. The infantry-based OPFOR generally represents the armed forces of a developing country with limited resources.

The focus is on identifying the composition and intentions of enemy units along or near the opcor of advance. Of course, the use of HETs limits the number of usable routes. It constitutes a baseline for training or developing U. Such forces may have primary responsibility for combating the air threat to the advancing unit and for the defense of critical points, including assembly and rest areas.

Large armor- and mechanized-based forces often have more sophisticated weaponry. These Ground Forces comprise several standing divisions and separate brigades, most of which are subordinate to standing armies or corps. However, infantry-based forces, too, opforr vary in size and capability. The State may or may not have chemical and biological weapons, but has the capability to produce or acquire them. Long road fj impose considerable wear and tear on tracked and heavy equipment.


These forces normally have a complex structure, with more specialized units operating highly sophisticated equipment. Once a decision is made, rapid mobilization and movement of units assumes primary importance.

File:FM – OPFOR, Opposing Force Operations (December ).pdf – Wikimedia Commons

Planners at the General Staff and theater headquarters, where created prepare in advance for strategic movement. The plan stresses universal, overlapping and redundant coverage. As the Army moves into the twenty-first century, it is no longer possible to identify one or two nations or forces as the potential adversaries against which it needs to train on a regular basis. They do not fight by the rules of conventional warfare. A particular training scenario may not require a large array of standing forces or justify the extensive use of opcor infantry or tank forces.

When opposed by an adversary of similar capabilities, an infantry-based OPFOR can conduct conventional, force-oriented combat. If not, the infantry-based forces of FM may better fit training needs.

Once in the combat zone, the OPFOR deploys stronger march security, especially on any open or threatened flank. This avoids depletion of resources the advancing units will need on commitment to combat.

The objective of the strategic and operational march is to insure that the military forces designated for specific operations arrive on time, intact and combat-ready, at the appropriate location. Army-level nets are used minimally, primarily for air and NBC warning. There can, of course be many variations on this theme. In order to build a strong strategic grouping to mount an offensive in one theater or to ensure defense of a cm theater, the General Staff must mobilize and redeploy forces from one or more other theaters.

Infantry-based forces are common throughout the developing world.