This paper seeks to understand the outbreaks and the development of grisi siknis , a form of mass spirit possession among the Miskitu of. Miskito villages line the Atlantic coasts of Nicaragua and Honduras. Nietschmann ( 47) estimated the number of Miskito speakers in Nicaragua at in. Grisi siknis (which literally means “crazy sickness”), is characterized by long periods of anxiety, dizziness, fear, and irrational anger. The most.

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Grisi siknis has been the subject of anthropological studies and is defined as a culture-specific malady found only in the Miskito culture, although with many similarities to pibloktoq, or “arctic hysteria”, found in indigenous peoples of Greenland. I believe this illness should be considered a culture-bound syndrome. Culture is something that I feel makes us very ggrisi depending on where we come from and the traditions and beliefs we choose to follow.

Grisi siknis is a very serious health problem for Miskito people. However, when viewed in a more contemporary context and cross-cultural perspective, grisi siknis shows similarities with other forms of involuntary mass spirit possession, particularly in the ways it is manifested, experienced and appears to be spreading. The medical team has taken samples of water from local wells and recommended that people only drink coconut juice until they have tested the supply.

I think that in others cultures this condition could be called a nervous breakdown because it has all the similar symptoms. Grisi Siknis is a very prevalent illness for the people of the Miskito tribe. I agree with the fact that illness does not only involve the interruption of your physical health but also your mental state.

This page was last edited on 20 Mayat Joseph Westermeyer, Head of Psychiatry at the University of Oklahomastates that a culturally bound syndrome is defined as “certain trance-like disturbances [that] occur with unusual frequencies in certain societies”. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Group discussions, narratives and informal and semi-structured sjknis were carried out, as well as participation in healing rituals. Other grlsi have appeared in three other nearby communities. Some scholars in the country conclude that it is due to the extreme poverty that the Miskito people endure and that was worsened by Hurricane Felix of September In the news article Widdicombe they explain that 60 people of the remote jungle tribe in Nicaragua known as the Miskito.


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Archived from the original on 4 June She fled across the Coco river into Honduras, reaching the village of Panzap where she died. George Boeree, believes that amok with very similar symptoms to grisi siknispibloktoq, latah, “falling out”, “indisposition”, and the “fits” are all related to impulse control disorders, and thus are associated with trichotillomaniacompulsive gambling, pyromania, and kleptomania in Western medicine. In all cases, the patients have the same symptoms: CS1 Spanish-language sources es Use dmy dates from January Phil Dennis of Texas Tech Universitygrisi siknis is typically characterized by longer periods of anxiety, nausea, dizziness, irrational anger and fear, interlaced with short periods of rapid frenzy, in which the victim “lose[s] consciousness, believe[s] that devils beat them and have sexual relations with them” and runs away.

Link retrieved on 20 March I would define culture as the similar beliefs and traditions between a group of people that involve lifestyle, spiritual, and similar ways of life that make them different from another group of people.

Grisi siknis – Wikipedia

Symptoms of grisi siknis vary, but there is a distinct set of central characteristics. Many were successfully treated by a healer, Carlos Salomon Taylor, who is part of the team now working in Raiti. Dordrechtthe Netherlands: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: In Simons, Ronald C. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. He says the siinis are very serious to those experiencing them and their families, and often to entire Miskito communities.

George 29 January The research took place during 11 months from to in the port town of Puerto Cabezas. Leave a Reply Cancel reply You must be logged in to post a comment. A total of 38 informants were interviewed. Retrieved from ” https: Seven cases were reported in neighbouring Namahka last week, where one year-old girl is said to have died.


Involuntary mass spirit possession among the Miskitu.

Although it has not discovered organic cause, says Dennis, grisi siknis still “follow[s] the classic model for contagious disease”. He witnessed four attacks during his research and said the patients were “clearly in another state of reality”. Most of the victims were girls. There is no definitively known cause of grisi siknis, although there are some theories which attempt to explain its origin. People with similar backgrounds and heritage tend to share the same cultural beliefs and practices.

Grrisi years ago about 80 people were affected in the community of Krin Krin. Mental and behavioural disorders Miskito Culture-bound syndromes. Toronto, OntarioCanada: Mr Alvarado said a medical report carried out in the late s after a similar outbreak concluded that deliberate contamination of wells was one possible cause. In the Western culture, it would probably be treated as one of the above illnesses. The American Journal of Psychiatry. According to the American Psychiatric Association, a Western medical condition similar in many aspects to culturally bound syndromes, particularly the “running” syndromes, of which grisi siknis is part, is dissociative or psychogenic fugue.

This paper seeks to understand the outbreaks and the development of grisi siknis, a form of mass spirit possession among the Miskitu of frisi Nicaragua.

Although grisi siknis behaves like a virus, researchers have not been able to trace anything irregular in the blood samples of victims. During the attacks, sufferers attempt to flee their communities with their eyes closed, seizing any weapon they can find with which hrisi appear to try to defend themselves against invisible attackers.