Guarea guidonia is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) It is noted for attracting wildlife. Suitable for: . Range Description: Guarea guidonia is a very widespread species. It is native to South and Central America and Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic, U.S. Virgin. Meliaceae. Genus. Guarea ex L. Species. Guarea guidonia (L.) Sleumer. = Guarea alba = Guarea alternans = Guarea andreana .

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The seeds are covered with an orange red pulp. Please view the copyright link for more information. The flowers are produced in loose inflorescenceseach flower small, with 4—5 yellowish petals.

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If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating. Guarea Scientific classification Kingdom: Guarea guidonia is related to G. For more information about QR Codes click here. Open fruit Photograph by: An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region.

Retrieved 5 August A reddish Sandal oil is obtained from the wood[46 ]. Embryo with thick, plano-convex, superposed or rarely oblique cotyledons; radicle abaxial towards the apex, extending to surface. Guarea rusbyi Britton Rusby Guarea subspicata C. The leaves are pinnate, with 4—6 pairs of leaflets, the terminal leaflet present. Seed – it has a short viability and should not be allowed to dry out, nor should the aril surrounding the seed be removed[ ]. The wood is of medium weight to moderately heavy; hard; strong; tough; elastic to somewhat brittle; and very durable, even when in wet ground, with resistance to attack by dry-wood termites.


These facts must be considered carefully when examining an herbarium specimen giarea rarely bears more than one or two often incomplete leaves. Rate of air-seasoning is slow, and amount of degrade is moderate. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.

It can grow in semi-shade light woodland or no shade. Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form.

It is associated with riverbanks and periodically flooded forest, and only in extreme western Amazonia does it occur outside this habitat with any frequency. It is said to possibly cause buidonia if ingested. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified but some can.

It prefers moist soil. Views Read Edit View history. Applied externally, the powdered bark is used as a haemostatic to stem bleeding[46 ].

The stem bark is emetic in larger dosesexpectorant, haemostatic and purgative[46, ]. Guarea glabra [1] Guarea grandifolia [2] Guarea guedesii Guarea guidonia Guarea kunthiana Guarea laurentii Guarea leonensis.

Publisher Weinheim Year Guidonix – Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants.

Guarea guidonia – Useful Tropical Plants

Capsule globose to fig-shaped, apex truncate, usually abruptly contracted at base into a short stout stipe, smooth not wrinkling on drying, shining, nearly always with conspicuous sometimes pustular, pale lenticels, glabrous, 1. The bark in young specimens is smooth, brown, with prominent lenticels, but in older trees it becomes characteristically fissured. Sleumer, [4] is used as an expectorant [5] named cocillana.


The wood is a favoured fuel because it splits easily[ ]. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Guafea and Privacy Policy. Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. The texture is medium, grain is straight; aromatic when green though odourless when seasoned. Newly planted young trees are fairly slow-growing[ ]. Habitats Lowland forests in Panama[ ]. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. The species flowers and fruits throughout the year.

America – Panama, Costa Rica; Caribbean. It is noted for attracting wildlife. The flowers are white or cream, sometimes tinged with green, and the mature fruit is characteristically smooth and shining brown or reddish-brown, nearly always with large pale guaarea.

Leaves collected when dormant will differ from those in active growth. Close-up of the seeds Photograph by: Wilson, Guarea trichilioides Guarra. Guarea is a genus of evergreen trees in the mahogany family Meliaceaenative to tropical Africa and Central and South America.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Calyx rotate, patelliform or cyathiform, 0. Nectary a stipe expanded above to form an annulus below ovary, 0. Specimens collected from near the shoot apex may differ considerably from those from the older twigs. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf. Muskwood or Guarea guidonia is an evergreen tree growing up to 23 m in height with trunk diameter of up to 90 cm.