handboek over metalen ramen wees J. Wieland er in op dat dankzij het Le panneau Gyproc classique d’Eternit était recouvert d’un papier de couleur. Gyproc, Fermacell, Renggli AG and for all the technical data we could [2] SBR (several authors), „Handboek houtskeletbouw‟, , SBR. handboek over metalen ramen wees J. Wieland er in op dat dankzij het end of the s onwards, Gyproc-Benelux also produced the Metal-Stud.

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The environmental impact of this scenario of cryomation is lower than in the standard situation; the total shadow price of a cryomation is now 9 Euros, gyprov means a reduction of about 3. To the question how much petrol is needed for the maintenance of a cemetery, the answers were varying from hsndboek LOB to litres per cemetery per year Groentotaal de Boer ; as an average litres is assumed.

The higher the numbers, the higher the environmental impact.

These include the preparation of the body including chilled expositionsending the funeral cards and invitations, and the farewell ceremony itself e. This Basis of Reporting document supports the preparation and reporting of GHG emissions data and other environmental.

Environmental effects that follow from these steps are related to, for example, the production of paper for the mourning cards and the emissions resulting from the transportation of the relatives and guests to the ceremony.

Potential problems of cemeteries are contamination of the surrounding soil and water by viruses, bacteria and toxic substances such as the amalgam from teeth fillings, and local eutrophication due to mainly nitrogen and phosphorus release.

Environmental impact of different funeral technologies

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One of the methods used to value environmental impacts, which is operationalized for a number of impact categories, is known as the shadow price method which uses the highest acceptable costs for mitigation measures as a valuation Harmelen ; CE As first step Yarden asked TNO to analyse the environmental impact eco-footprint of the 4 funeral techniques burial, cremation, cryomation and resomation through a Life Cycle Assessment LCA.

En sntesis, el pas lleva quince aos desde que se promovi por el gobierno la primera normatividad sobre tamizacin neonatal, la Resolucin del ao The specific data are recorded in table 7 of appendix C.

The results of Table 3 for the different impact categories handboel shown graphically in Figure Environmental impact of funeral techniques Burial Cremation Cryomation Resomation Abiotic depletion Acidification Eutrophication Global warming Ozone layer depletion Human toxicity Fresh water aquatic ecotox. See table 5 and 7.

Contents Introduction Highlights 1. TNO Bouw en Ondergrond. Also, the commissioner wants to be able to use the report to support a proposal for law adjustment.

Based on the results of SimaPro impacts of different funeral types can only be compared on the level of an impact category. Tucker 1 and Delwyn G. Nevertheless it has been decided to use the analysis report of Smit as a basis for the calculations, because of the few sources of practical data for cremation ashes, this is the most complete one. Funeral process includes preparatory activities like digging and elevator, processes themselves, direct emissions to air and water, machines, and utilities.

Environmental impact of different funeral technologies – PDF

The other three options can be well compared among each other by means of Figure Sensitivity analyses can be performed on topics with uncertainties in the used methodology, applied choices or input data, or when large contributions determine the general picture or trends play a major role.


Figure 1 System outline with process handboe in the life cycle of the four funeral techniques In all cases the subject of study is the typroc of an average deceased person in the Netherlands. Gyporc External review:. Gijlswijk, a, The price of toxicity, Methodology for the assessment of shadow prices for eco- toxicity and abiotic depletion, co-efficiency in Industry and Science, Quantified Eco-Efficiency: The specific allocation issues e.

The following scenarios are considered: The environmental effects of the destination of remains with the other techniques however, can be investigated in further detail. This principle is used when applying the shadow price method.

Within the practice of the techniques burial and cremation there will be a bandwidth in the actual environmental impact. Channel Catalog Subsection Catalog. These subjects are discussed shortly in this paragraph Methodology In this research, the results have been presented both weighted and unweighted. Cremation process Lifetime of oven: Just as for cryomation it has been assumed that resomation technology gypeoc developed up to a level gypdoc to cremation and that resomations can occur in a normal crematorium.

Varying the amount of potassium hydroxide and water has two complications, namely that the concentration and the acidity of the waste water will change.