Citation: Atun-Einy O, Lotan M () A Systematic Review of Hippotherapy ( horseback riding) for Individuals with Autism is the Cognitive Level. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder including therapeutic horseback riding (THR), hippotherapy (HPOT). Children with autism benefit from equine therapy due to the motor, emotional, and patients on a personal level through what is referred to as “hippotherapy.

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Participants had no contact with horses; however, a life-sized stuffed horse was an integral part of teaching horsemanship skills.

Hippotherapy and Autism – HorsePlay Therapy

Customer Approach to Clinical Trials. J Intellect Disabil Res. This site is operated for informational purposes only. This study was primarily powered for efficacy tests to examine whether the THR intervention led to greater improvements on the ABC-C irritability subscale as compared to the BA control after the week intervention.

They don’t even realize that they are participating in a therapeutic activity – it’s just a hippotherspy of fun! Please complete the following information: Individuals with Autism tend to have difficulties with verbal and non-verbal communication, sensory processing, and understanding or reading social cues.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. During his therapy his cognitive concepts will naturally improve. Hippotherapy, a type of physical and occupational therapy that includes horseback riding, can be successful in improving balance, social responsiveness, and other skills in autistic children.

Therefore, caution needs to be taken into account when interpreting the secondary outcome results. A certified PATH International 30 advanced therapeutic riding zutism taught all lessons and followed the study manual approach that had a two-part teaching focus: Horses create a dynamic, three-dimensional movement that cannot be reproduced in a traditional clinic setting.


THR intervention or a barn activity BA control group without horses that employed similar methods. Briar DechantBS, Dr. The two randomized groups did not differ at baseline see Table 1.

Riding a horse helps liven these sensory preceptors, which helps make therapy exciting and motivates your child to continue to be engaged. The effects of equine-assisted therapy in improving the psychosocial functioning of children with autism.

How Your Autistic Child Can Benefit from Equine Therapy

A five-minute expressive language sample was elicited from participants using the Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts SALT 40which provides guidelines for eliciting, transcribing, and analyzing language samples from individuals, including those with ASD.

Social behaviors increase in children with autism in the presence of animals compared to toys. Prospective trial of equine-assisted activities in autism spectrum disorder. Estimate of the interaction was used to assess the efficacy and test for statistical significance.

How Your Autistic Child Can Benefit from Equine Therapy

Please review our privacy policy. Irritability subscale of ABC-C was deemed as the primary outcome. When a horse’s movement is transferred to a patient through hippotherapy, it produces a combination of sensory, motor and neurological input that we use to treat a wide variety of diagnoses. They just think they are hippotehrapy at the barn!

Communication and auditory processing hip;otherapy are addressed during a hippotherapy session when the therapist asks the rider to follow 1 or 2 step directions, such as giving a high 5 or turning around backwards. Abstract Objective This study expands previous equine-assisted intervention research by evaluating the effectiveness of therapeutic horseback riding THR on self-regulation, socialization, communication, adaptive, and motor behaviors in children with autism spectrum disorder ASD.

Participants in the THR group had significantly more improvements from baseline to post-intervention on the ABC-C Irritability subscale score with an effect size of 0. Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales. The specially trained physical therapists autidm occupational therapists at Children’s TherAplay use hippotherapy to benefit autistic children in numerous ways.


American Journal of Occupational Therapy. Occupational Therapy in Mental Health. Funding for the study was provided by the Horses and Humans Research Foundation.

A study conducted by Bass, Duchowny and Llabre inshowed that children who rode horses as therapy showed improvements in several social skills hippotherapt 12 weeks of therapy. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. Participants were recruited using IRB-approved fliers distributed to university-affiliated hospitals, schools, ASD parent support organizations, and community providers.

In a hippotherapy program, a hippothrapy child is steadied by one or two sidewalkers while the horse hippotherapg led by another helper. The average fidelity rating for the eight intervention components were as follows: Factor structure and the effect of subject variables in American and New Zealand facilities. Meet Jonah Occupational Therapy Engaging with the world around him. Psycho-educational horseback riding to facilitate communication ability of children with pervasive developmental disorders.

Although participants in the THR group spoke fewer words at the pre-intervention language assessment, this was not significantly different from the BA control group.

The effect of therapeutic horseback riding on social functioning in children with autism.