English: Due to current increase in the rate of nosocomial infections, our objective was to examine the frequency, risk factors, clinical presentation and etiology of. Request PDF on ResearchGate | PREVENCIJA INTRAHOSPITALNIH INFEKCIJA U ENDOSKOPSKOJ DIJAGNOSTICI PLUĆNIH OBOLJENJA. “Intrahospitalne infekcije – timski rad u prevenciji, lečenju i nezi”. Public. · Hosted by Podružnica Klinički centar Srbije. Interested.

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However, their clinical course and outcome does not depend on the place of acquiring the infection, and those are not different from diseases that occur in a patient outside hospital. Abstract Intrahospital infections IHI and antibiotics resistance are the problems which exist in virtually all hospitals in the world.

Nosocomial pneumonia is the second most common, but the most serious of all nosocomial infections. This study was an attempt to pay more attention on this problem, because in any hospital in Bosnia and Herzegovina there is no active modern epidemiology surveillance of IHI, and also there are no legal regulations that could regulate the duties of health-medical organizations in order to prevent and keep down IHI. Due to the improvements in the treatments of serious diseases, there are more and more patients whose resistance to infection is severely reduced 3.

Endogenous infections are caused by the microflora of the patients, while exogenous infections are caused by microorganisms of the hospital environment: If it occurs without any known or newly discovered sources of bacteria, it is called primary, and if it is associated mainly with causes through the blood.

All tested Es-cherichia coli bacterias were sensitive to imipenem. In the prophylaxis of nosocomial pneumonia is the most important risk factors for elimination, then strict adherence to all preventive procedures, and regular and loving care of the airways.


The significance and size of intrahospital infections problem is determined by series of consequences such as, medical, legal, ethical and economic 1. A study was implemented on all patients admitted to Clinic for Gynaecology and Obstetrics during the period of one year and who subsequently developed infection.

Generally accepted and in practices proven attitude is that runtime of stay the catheter into the blood vessel is directly proportional to the development of infection. Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control. The present findings indicate that it is impossible to avoid the risk in hospital, and it is practically impossible to talk about the eradication or elimination of nosocomial infections.

For the implementation of measures to prevent and fight against hospital infections, including staff training, the Commission is responsible for nosocomial infections, which exists in every hospital. Definitions of nosocomial infections. Surveillance of nosocomial infections.


Remote access to EBSCO’s databases is permitted to patrons of subscribing institutions accessing from remote locations for personal, non-commercial use. In both years of study the most frequent organisms as a causative agents of IHI were Enterobacteriaceae Klebsiella pneumoniae- At the same time the English surgeon Lister observed that the high mortality rate of patients operated on due to infection.

The most common causes of nosocomial infections are: Secondary sepsis comes from a famous bacterial foci, mainly as a result of urinary tract infections and digestive organs. Other typical symptoms of infection and may be absent or suppressed underlying disease.

Intrahospitalne infekcije

The frequency and types of nosocomial infections undoubtedly depend on many factors: Compulsory composition of hospital committee is prescribed by ordinance which includes: Pneumoniae, and so on. E, Griffin M, Kelsey M.


National prevalence survey of hospital acquired infection: All tested bacterias were sensitive to vancomycin Table 1. The epidemiology of intrahospital infections and practice of hospital infection control are dynamic disciplines, undergoing constant evolution.


The incidence of primary sepsis, associated with intravenous catheters, can be reduced by proper installation and maintenance procedures, careful application and infusion of infekdije through the catheter and the short use. The most important and the most common nosocomial infections are: Infusion, transfusion of blood and its derivatives, and intravenous antibiotics increase the risk of bacteremia and sepsis.

Saunders Infection Control Reference Service. There are the most common nosocomial infections occurring in intensive care units, followed by surgical, gynecological and infectology departments. Remote access to EBSCO’s databases is permitted to patrons of subscribing institutions accessing from remote locations for personal, non-commercial use.

Nosocomial infections in contemporary health care organization and patient treatment are becoming an increasingly important issue. Most intrahospital infections are not related to epidemics but occur consistently as sporadic cases 5.

The most common infection spread indirectly, transferring patients from one post to another, through the hands of hospital staff. The most frequent clinical presentations of nosocomial infections were: The first step in the fight against hospital infections is registration of their appearance.

Those infections are common, but not dangerous and generally do not cause death.