Kalighat Paintings refer to the class of paintings and drawings on hand-made or more usually on machine-made paper produced by a group of artists called. Kalighat Paintings is a form of Indian modern art that is inspired by religious and mythological characters as well as civil life. Kalighat paintings, as the name suggests, were created in the Kali Temple area on the ghat (bank) of the Burin Ganga (a canal diverging from the Ganges River) .

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Bengalis Bengali renaissance List of Bengalis. Moreover, the whole production was on the basis of a cottage industry.

There are other museums in different parts of the world which also hold some of the Kalighat Paintings paintinys their collection. Thus sepoys in old-fashioned pre-Mutiny costume, with shakos instead of turbans feature side by side with European gentlemen shaking hands instead of bowing, and Europeans and Indians ascending Cat eating a Parrot.

In Hindu iconography, snakes often represent divinity, and the legend of the snake goddess Manasa Mangala is especially popular in West Bengal.

The old art has gone forever; the pictures are now finding their homes in museums and in the collections of a few art lovers. His other interest is to do research on Terracotta architecture of Bengal. Kalighat paintings were mainly sold as items of religious souvenir taken by the visitors to the Kali temple.

It is one paimtings the most well-recognized forms of Indian modern art that has been witnessed globally.

Kalighat painting – Wikipedia

Born into the Patua community of scroll painters and storytellers, Kalam Patua is a self-taught contemporary exponent of Kalighat painting, which draws on conventions from West Bengal scrolls and Indian miniature painting.

In fact, both men were sent to trial and ultimately punished. Photography and Kalighat painting were rival professions in the expanding metropolis of 19th century Kolkata.

These paintings, in fact, were made by artisans of different professions such as potters, stoneworkers, and carpenters.

Such prints were then hand coloured. Unable to take part in the protests that swept the city, Patua created a small group of paintings to honour Nirbhaya and to portray the chilling brutality of her attackers. Explore our online art gallery and grab your choice of painting or portraits or craft.


The Kalighat painters, most of whom are unnamed, straddled the sacred and the profane in other ways too.

Along with the colours, gum of Bel fruit or crushed tamarind seeds 5 was used as binder. Eventually, the children of Kalighat painters migrated to other professions, and the last Kalighat painter is reported to have died in In the trial, Nabin was sentenced to life imprisonment and the Mahant was fined and imprisoned for 3 years.

Women are often represented by trees in Hindu iconography, as they symbolise shelter, fertility, growth and possibility. Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.

From the pantheon of Hindu Gods and Goddess to the religious and contemporary social events —nothing left behind as the theme of Kalighat paintings. Images of Durga, Lakshmi, and Annapurna were also popular, especially during the Durga Puja festival.

Gradually, they started to learn from the newer techniques and discovered that these could help them increase their earnings. But the Kalighat artists did not restrict themselves to religious themes. Subject Figurative 12 Apply Figurative filter. Part of a series on the Culture of Bengal History People. Partha Sanyal is a Textile Engineer. Later on, imported factory-made water colours were available from Britain and patuas took full advantage of these cheaper materials, avoiding use of home-made colours.

Views Read Edit View history. Simultaneously, Calcutta was slowly undergoing changes in its education system under the British rule and had begun to recognize fine art as a mainstream field of study.

From the reproductions which accompany this article it will be seen that the drawings, by means of a few broad strokes of the brush, give a vigorous outline of a God or of some legendary subject, or sketch some purely social subject treated in a spirit of satire. They started creating new forms of art and the Kalighat painting was born. Meanwhile, the British, having established themselves in the country politically started to evince interest in art, literature, and music.

Soon after that a number of skilled artists moved to Kolkata from the rural Bengal especially from 24 Paraganas and Midnapore and set up stalls outside the Temple. Hallway 12 Apply Hallway filter. Kalam Patua upholds the Kalighat tradition of observing contemporary society, showing here diners at a local restaurant, with obsequious waiters, bearded intellectuals, a blue-skinned business man, and dreamy young women.

Kalighat means bathing ghat by the shrine of Kali. The material evidences like type of paper and colours used by the patuas point towards the first half of the 19 th century for the origin of the type.


Laundry Room 8 Apply Laundry Room filter. He was once transferred to a branch far from home, leaving him no opportunity to paint.

Mukul Dey Archives When German traders found that these pictures had a very great sale throughout the country—for they were sold in thousands all over India—they imitated them and sent back glazed and coloured lithographed copies which flooded the country and drowned the original hand-painted pictures.

The main distinguishing facet of the Kalighat paintings is the motifs used in them.

Kalighat Painting by Kalam Patua (India) — Google Arts & Culture

Due to this, there are two types of Kalighat paintings that one can witness, Oriental and Occidental. One of the earliest pieces of description on Kalighat paintings by Ajit Ghose 2 is also worth to be mentioned here. Baluchari Sari Nakshi kantha Kantha Tant sari. Previous post Next post. Kalighat painting is a school of modern art that originated in 19th century Calcutta, India, which was then the capital of British India. What is interesting about the Kalighat paihtings is that an entire family would be involved in the creation of the piece.

Murder in the Collection. In Bengal, Victoria Memorial Hall has a collection of 24 Kalighat paintings 5the Indian Museum has in its collection 40 paintings and four drawings of Kalighat style 4 while the Gurusaday Museum holds more than 70 drawings and paintings.

Kalighat painting

Kalighat paintings also saw a diversification in the motifs or subjects for their paintings. Connect with vibrant ROM communities and access our extensive collections and curatorial expertise. Kalighat painting developed in the midth century in Kolkata formerly Calcutta to illustrate the Hindu gods and goddesses and respond to topical social and political events affecting the local people.

Today the practice of Kalighat paintings still continues in the villages of Bengal where the rich traditions are proudly being carried out by the patuas which are being handed down through the generations. All the images used here are from Wikipedia and Wikimedia websites.