Lannea microcarpa Engl. & K. Krause [family ANACARDIACEAE]. Herbarium. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K). Collection. Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa . PDF | Lannea microcarpa (Anacardiaceae) is a tropical tree used in African folk medicine and commercial dermopharmaceutical formulations. Lannea microcarpa. lannea_microcarpa-_dreyer-stiftung-_dano-_bf- _5_porembski__d64bd3 Common Name:Tree grapes. References.

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The bark of Lannea schweinfurthii Engl. In Nigeria microcwrpa, bark, roots and fruits are applied to treat mouth blisters, rheumatism, sore throat, dysentery, as a cathartic and as a dressing on boils.

Lannea microcarpa MAP 3: Citation in scholarly articles. Textile de coton, bogolan: Chapman and Hall, London, United Kingdom. Lannea microcarpa is widespread and is not in danger of genetic erosion.

Range West tropical Africa – Senegal to Cameroon. Fulani camp in a Balanites Lannea microcarpa Lannea microcarpa Engl.

It also occurs on rocky soil in Sahel savanna. It is also possible that bark mixtures are used sometimes. It is used in baths and lotions for blotches, herpes, etc.

The main anthocyanin glycosides present are two different galactopyranosides of cyanidin: The wood is white, light, easy to work but deteriorates quickly; it is used in Senegal to make hoe handles and throughout West Africa lxnnea fuel and to make charcoal.

In Senegal wood ash is applied to maturate abscesses. The bark is pounded and boiled for 2—3 hours in water. In the northern parts of Burkina Faso it is considered vulnerable.


Fruits being sold in a local market Photograph by: Between each dyeing, the cloth is dried in the sun.

These textiles belong to the bogolan group. The young leaves are eaten as a vegetable and cattle browse leaves as a forage.

West African Plants

To obtain a faster colour, bogolan dyers associate this dye with a decoction of the bark of Anogeissus leiocarpa. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa Introduction.

These uses are as follows: To obtain a faster colour, bogolan dyers associate this dye with a decoction of the bark of Anogeissus leiocarpa DC. However, Lannea acida is more important medicinally.

The antidiarrhoeic effect of the bark has been confirmed by tests. Vapour from a bark-decoction is inhaled into the mouth to treat dental caries and buccal infections[ Title The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. Inflorescence a terminal raceme up to 15 cm long male ones longestbearing glandular dots.

In this process a mordant has to be used. Dioecious tree up to 15 m tall; micfocarpa up to 70 cm in diameter, rather short; bark grey, slightly sweet-scented, smooth or with lanneaa scales when older, often with a spiral twist, very fibrous, slash reddish with fine white markings. The dye is not very fast, except in the black parts of the design[ Lanhea Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Flora of Tropical East Africa. In Benin dried pulverized aerial parts are rubbed into scarifications against pain between the ribs and are taken internally against colic.


Garments made with this dye have traditionally been used as ceremonial robes at special occasions including hunting and war; to mark special stages of life such as circumcision, birth, menopause and death[ Title Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.

To lannex the dye, the bark is first pounded then boiled for 2 – 3 hours in water. A sweet beverage is make from the cooked fruits[ Title Trees and Shrubs of the Sahel.

Anthocyanins from fruits of Lannea microcarpa. The fruits micricarpa eaten raw or dried and a fermented drink is prepared from the pulp.

Lannea microcarpa – Useful Tropical Plants

Publisher Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in Request account. The bark yields an edible gum which is soluble in water. Volume 1, part 2. Lannea microcarpa Photo There are 3 news article citations related to Lannea microcarpa Engl. Last update on In Ghana leaves are used as a dressing for wounds.

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Lannea microcarpa ripe fruits. Leaves fall off at the beginning of the dry season; flowering is at the end of the dry season, before the appearance of the new leaves. The use of Lannea bark for red dyeing is still important and widespread in West Africa.